Bull Sand Fort is one of my personal favourite architectural gems (which is unusual as I have a leaning towards gothic architecture) and it has a very evocative and mysterious presence in the Humber Estuary. It sits on a sand bank near Spurn Point (see my 3D model of the lighthouse) and the smaller island fort of Haile Sand.
Bull Sand Fort was built during the First World War to protect the ports located further up the estuary and was officially completed in December 1919.
Both of the forts were often under attack from aircraft and submarines. As of 1987 the fort was given Grade II listed status.
This artistic representation of the fort depicts as it was during the period of the Second World War, with the enhanced gun emplacements at roof level.
The fort contained accommodation for a garrison of 200 including sleeping quarters, stores for beer and coal, a kitchen and boiler rooms.
Although not necessarily true to life of the real Humber Estuary, I modelled the water with some level of translucency so the submerged features of the fort can be seen. The structure was modelled using photographs as a reference and the creation of texture UV maps in Adobe Photoshop. Original plans of the fort dating from 1917 can be consulted in the East Riding Archives, archive reference DDX1200/3/2 and are really interesting historical documents.
For a more in-depth history of this fascinating structure please see this informative account from the Island of Hope website.
King Henry VIII’s “Hull Castle” was built c.1541 as an artillery castle. The central castle structure is attached to two trefoil-shaped blockhouses with curtain walls that span alongside the east bank of the River Hull. The most southern blockhouse, situated where the River Hull and Humber meet, was later incorporated into what became known as The Citadel in c.1680. What remained of Hull Castle was demolished in 1863.
I first mentioned this project back in an April- Hollar’s Hull in 3D: Part I– and have modelled some extra scenery features since then. This project was inspired by Wenceslaus Hollar’s map of Kingston upon Hull dating from c.1642. To recreate the entire map would be a mammoth task, so I’ve focused on the top section featuring King Henry VIII’s “Hull Castle”.
Beverley Gate also features on Hollar’s map and I had previously created a model which I might integrate in the future:
This lighthouse located at Spurn Point (East Riding of Yorkshire) was built in c.1895 using the designs of Cornish engineer Thomas Matthews. It stands 39m high and is made of brick and rests on concrete foundations. The lighthouse is currently one of two at the site,
The lighthouse is currently one of two at the site, however, there have been several previous lighthouses, with the first one being built c.1427. The light was discontinued in 1985 and underwent restoration in 2015.
The inspiration to recreate Spurn Point’s current high lighthouse came from my own ancestral tourism trip where I was researching the once-home of my 3xgreat-grandparents.
My 3xgreat-grandfather, William Bacchus, and his wife Sarah Ann (3xgreat-grandmother) used to live on Spurn Point itself whilst he was a lifeboat man from 1877-1891 (with a two-year break from 1883-1885). During this time, my 2xgreat-grandmother Lavinia was born in 1879, along with sister Sarah Jane in 1882, and they lived in the lifeboat men’s houses overlooking the two older lighthouses.
I’ve been wanting to create a model of this Gothic-revival building for years and finally got around to create one based on my own photographs. Bridlington Cemetery Chapel (as mentioned in one of my old posts) is a Grade II listed building located in Bridlington’s main cemetery off Sewerby Road.
The architect is Alfred Smith of Nottingham and on the front pediment is the date 1879 carved in the stone. It is a beautiful, symmetrical structure in the Victorian Gothic style that has an imposing presence over the cemetery. At the rear, some of the windows are unfortunately boarded up (as of April 2017 when I photographed the building), and so within my model I have replicated the decorated tracery that you can see on the front wings as this would have been the most likely scheme.
I particularly like the symmetrical nature of the structure with the arcades and central tower. For a potential future development, I may consider modelling some of the chapel’s surrounding graveyard to include some foliage and gravestones. This cemetery includes some lovely sculptural headstones which would be a particular challenge to model, but would really place this building within its wider context. This model of Bridlington Cemetery Chapel is a personal project and was created using my own photographs and Blender3D software.
I’m feeling inspired by the recent ‘Archives in 3D’ workshops (which I facilitated in my work capacity as Archives Assistant at the East Riding Archives) where we modelled Hull’s Beverley Gate and King Henry VIII’s Hull Castle using Blender3D and material held in collections at the East Riding Archives. Instead of leaving my Hull Castle model at the WIP stage, I thought I would develop my model further by placing it within its historical context surrounded by buildings of its period and (hopefully) with a textured finish!
Wenceslaus Hollar’s plan and view of Hull, c.1642, is one of the most well-known historical images of the city and features King Henry VIII’s Hull Castle, the four main gatehouses and significant other locations such as Suffolk Palace and Hull Holy Trinity Church. Using Hollar’s representation, which has been reprinted in various historical publications available at several archive services, my next project is to recreate Hollar’s view of the city piece-by-piece beginning with the top section that includes Hull Castle.
Here are a few screenshots of my progress so far:
In addition to the architectural features of the fortifications I will also model some ships, canons and other elements included within Hollar’s representation, which will be new for me having previously only worked with buildings! As you can see, there is a long way to go as I’m starting off with simple geometry and will add more detail later. My next step will be to model more varieties of buildings and ships from the Civil War period and populate the city and river areas, all using Hollar’s view as inspiration.
Last Christmas, myself and Si decided to purchase a 3D printer- it is definitely worth it if you have ever considered bringing your digital models to life as tangible objects. The first thing I wanted to print was my Pilgrim Rabbit, a medieval, architectural carving from St Mary’s Church in Beverley which I photographed and created a model using photogrammetric techniques. The print took 4 hours and works by layering PLA filament through a nozzle- it’s amazing to watch the process and there will be more to come!
Here is a quick video of the 3D printing process for my Pilgrim Rabbit: