3D model: Bull Sand Fort c.1940

Bull Sand Fort is one of my personal favourite architectural gems (which is unusual as I have a leaning towards gothic architecture) and it has a very evocative and mysterious presence in the Humber Estuary. It sits on a sand bank near Spurn Point (see my 3D model of the lighthouse) and the smaller island fort of Haile Sand.

WIP of Bull Sand Fort by Hannah Rice
WIP of Bull Sand Fort

Bull Sand Fort was built during the First World War to protect the ports located further up the estuary and was officially completed in December 1919.

Both of the forts were often under attack from aircraft and submarines. As of 1987 the fort was given Grade II listed status.

This artistic representation of the fort depicts as it was during the period of the Second World War, with the enhanced gun emplacements at roof level.

The fort contained accommodation for a garrison of 200 including sleeping quarters, stores for beer and coal, a kitchen and boiler rooms.

Although not necessarily true to life of the real Humber Estuary, I modelled the water with some level of translucency so the submerged features of the fort can be seen. The structure was modelled using photographs as a reference and the creation of texture UV maps in Adobe Photoshop. Original plans of the fort dating from 1917 can be consulted in the East Riding Archives, archive reference DDX1200/3/2 and are really interesting historical documents.

For a more in-depth history of this fascinating structure please see this informative account from the Island of Hope website.

Bull Sand Fort 3D model by Hannah Rice
Bull Sand Fort render by Hannah Rice

Reality & Myth: the architecture of the Lost Kingdom of Yamatai, Tomb Raider


Today I completed the story to the new Tomb Raider game! I thought the environments were stunning, the combat quite simple to master (apart from the moment when you need to reload ammo mid-combat) and the storyline very interesting with lots of twists. In the game, Lara and her team set off on an expedition to the Lost Kingdom of Yamatai ruled by Queen Himiko, a real place still debated by historians as to its location. I even felt some of the environments to be a bit diablo-esque when it came to the gore, reminded me of the battle with Ghom the Lord of Gluttony in Diablo III with the rotting flesh, scattered bones and the implied pungent smell.

My studies have always focused on European art and architecture, yet the Oriental fascinates me although I cannot comment on its authenticity in the game. The Yamatai architecture reminded me of what I posted about the architecture in Far Cry 3 (click here for post), with the concept of a variety of layers that each symbolise a period of history and settlement on the Island.

The Shanty town, the monastery, surrounding temples and shrines, and also World War II bunkers each represent the mysterious island from different perspectives: the spiritual, the lost lives of the natives, and also from the invaders who set out to solve the mystery of the storms that prevent them from escaping the island.




The juxtaposition between the modern bunkers and the ancient temples as  cult locations symbolise the clash between reality and myth, and of course it is down to Lara to solve the mystery by piecing together fragments of knowledge from salvaging and exploring.  The attention to the environment detail is stunning, and I often found the scholar in me gazing at the sculptural figures on the walls and sarcophagi, and the statuary of the shaman Sun Queen (Himiko). Also, the game’s use of lighting and semi-realistic texturing made the temples very atmospheric, particularly with the use of candles and lamps to emphasise the spirituality of the buildings.

From a symbolic point of view, the architecture complements the game’s narrative, however if anyone has any knowledge on Japanese architecture and how authentic it has been represented in the game I would love to hear from you!

For more architecture in gaming click here!

(all in-game screen shots, author’s own)