3D model: Bull Sand Fort c.1940

Bull Sand Fort is one of my personal favourite architectural gems (which is unusual as I have a leaning towards gothic architecture) and it has a very evocative and mysterious presence in the Humber Estuary. It sits on a sand bank near Spurn Point (see my 3D model of the lighthouse) and the smaller island fort of Haile Sand.

WIP of Bull Sand Fort by Hannah Rice
WIP of Bull Sand Fort

Bull Sand Fort was built during the First World War to protect the ports located further up the estuary and was officially completed in December 1919.

Both of the forts were often under attack from aircraft and submarines. As of 1987 the fort was given Grade II listed status.

This artistic representation of the fort depicts as it was during the period of the Second World War, with the enhanced gun emplacements at roof level.

The fort contained accommodation for a garrison of 200 including sleeping quarters, stores for beer and coal, a kitchen and boiler rooms.

Although not necessarily true to life of the real Humber Estuary, I modelled the water with some level of translucency so the submerged features of the fort can be seen. The structure was modelled using photographs as a reference and the creation of texture UV maps in Adobe Photoshop. Original plans of the fort dating from 1917 can be consulted in the East Riding Archives, archive reference DDX1200/3/2 and are really interesting historical documents.

For a more in-depth history of this fascinating structure please see this informative account from the Island of Hope website.

Bull Sand Fort 3D model by Hannah Rice
Bull Sand Fort render by Hannah Rice
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Hollar’s Hull in 3D: Part II

This model has taken awhile due to many work commitments and has been an ongoing personal project, but here it finally is:

King Henry VIII’s “Hull Castle” was built c.1541 as an artillery castle. The central castle structure is attached to two trefoil-shaped blockhouses with curtain walls that span alongside the east bank of the River Hull. The most southern blockhouse, situated where the River Hull and Humber meet, was later incorporated into what became known as The Citadel in c.1680. What remained of Hull Castle was demolished in 1863.

I first mentioned this project back in an April- Hollar’s Hull in 3D: Part I– and have modelled some extra scenery features since then. This project was inspired by Wenceslaus Hollar’s map of Kingston upon Hull dating from c.1642. To recreate the entire map would be a mammoth task, so I’ve focused on the top section featuring King Henry VIII’s “Hull Castle”.

Hollar Hull, view of HulL Castle
View of King Henry VIII’s Hull Castle
Beverley Gate

Beverley Gate also features on Hollar’s map and I had previously created a model which I might integrate in the future:

Hull Castle 3D model by Hannah Rice